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Togolese Republic - a country in Western Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. In the south of the country owns a small part of Gulf of Guinea, which is the capital Lome.
Before the advent of Europeans in Togo, the tribes lived in a primitive society. They knew how to produce simple stone tools, objects made of clay, began to explore the processing of iron. In the XV century on the coast of present Togo were the Portuguese. The slave trade was arranged with the leaders of local tribes.
Period of Independence
Rebel Committee handed power to a civilian government headed by Nicholas Gryunitski (German-African mulatto). In the same year Gryunitski was elected president of Togo. It was restored a multiparty system, Gryunitski formed a government of all parties represented in the newly elected parliament.
In January 1967 there was a second military coup by the Togolese armed forces chief of staff,
Lieutenant-Colonel Gnassingbe Eyadema (when he was 29 years old, 16 years, he served as a
oldier in the French army, fought in Vietnam and Algeria).
After the coup, Eyadema dissolved parliament, abolished the constitution, banned all political
In 1969, Eyadema, has created the country's only party - Union of the Togolese people, appointing himself its chairman, and in January 1972 arranged a referendum, which became the president of Togo. Following the death of Eyadema in February 2005, President of Togo, his son Fore Gnassingbe.
Population - 6 million (estimate July 2009).